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3 edition of Realizing the gains from trade found in the catalog.

Realizing the gains from trade

Jorge F. Balat

Realizing the gains from trade

export crops, marketing costs, and poverty

by Jorge F. Balat

  • 279 Want to read
  • 11 Currently reading

Published by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, Mass .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Exports -- Africa -- Costs,
  • Poverty -- Africa -- Econometric models,
  • Rural poor -- Africa

  • About the Edition

    This paper explores the role of export costs in the process of poverty reduction in rural Africa. We claim that the marketing costs that emerge when the commercialization of export crops requires intermediaries can lead to lower participation into export cropping and, thus, to higher poverty. We test the model using data from the Uganda National Household Survey. We show that: i) farmers living in villages with fewer outlets for sales of agricultural exports are likely to be poorer than farmers residing in market-endowed villages; ii) market availability leads to increased household participation in export cropping (coffee, tea, cotton, fruits); iii) households engaged in export cropping are less likely to be poor than subsistence-based households. We conclude that the availability of markets for agricultural export crops help realize the gains from trade. This result uncovers the role of complementary factors that provide market access and reduce marketing costs as key building blocks in the link between the gains from export opportunities and the poor.

    Edition Notes

    StatementJorge Balat, Irene Brambilla, Guido Porto.
    SeriesNBER working paper series -- no. 13395., Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) -- working paper no. 13395.
    ContributionsBrambilla, Irene., Porto, Guido G., National Bureau of Economic Research.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination40 p. :
    Number of Pages40
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17635528M
    OCLC/WorldCa173651069

    "Brewing Justice is an impressive account of the relationships and ethics embedded in fair trade coffee. Engaging the reader in a comparative global ethnography of fair and free trade coffee production, the author evaluates the gains and losses of fair trade for Mexican by:   A) UK Retailers are realizing gains (through publicity, traffic, etc) from discounting a popular book/the US market is less creative or flexible about pricing new releases. B) Americans are more willing to pay retail on Dan Brown Books. etc etc. Signaling is tricky.

    1. Introduction. The disposition effect, one implication extended from Kahneman and Tversky's () prospect theory and labeled by Shefrin and Statman (), illustrates that investors have a tendency to realize their gains too soon and hold onto losers too existence of the disposition effect is well documented in the literature (see Odean, , Shapira and Venezia, Cited by: If I Exchange Mutual Funds Do I Still Have to Pay Taxes?. Unless you hold your mutual funds in a tax-advantaged account like an IRA, you have to pay taxes every year on your income and capital.

    What can happen and frequently does happen is a swift rebound in the stock market after you’ve made an exchange. If the market is up a month later, you can’t trade back to your original holding (the asset you sold) without realizing some capital gains and at least partially canceling out the paper losses you previously booked.   This allows the investor or advisor to decide when to book taxable gains, since gains are realized only when ETF shares are sold, he says. [See: 7 Best Dividend Stocks to Buy for the Rest of ].


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Realizing the gains from trade by Jorge F. Balat Download PDF EPUB FB2

A realized gain results from selling an asset at a price higher than the original purchase price. It occurs when an asset is sold at a level that exceeds its book value cost. While an asset may be. A rest open position allows the trader to reap the potential for future gains.

A target hit of $ offers a receipt of $ ($ * 5 contracts), bringing a total of $1, Ordinary income tax rates are higher than capital gains tax someone in the 33% tax bracket, having an additional $3, of capital loss that could be deducted against ordinary income would save them an extra $ a year (calculated by taking the difference between the 33% income tax rate and the 20% capital gains tax rate and multiplying by $3,).

So if the additional income does not cause other undesirable tax consequences (e.g., making you ineligible for a particular credit or deduction), realizing a gain on purpose could be a good thing] When going through the above process (i.e., liquidating shares with the lowest gains until you’re back at an acceptable allocation), there are a.

Taxes cause deadweight losses because they prevent buyers and sellers from realizing some of the gains from trade. Therefore, a tax on a good has deadweight loss if the reduction in consumer and producer surplus is greater than the tax revenue.

See Section: Deadweight Losses and the Gains from Trade. "Realizing the Gains From Trade: Export Crops, Marketing Costs, and Poverty," NBER Working PapersNational Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

Balat, Jorge & Brambilla, Irene & Porto, Guido, "Realizing the gains from trade: export crops, marketing costs, and poverty," Policy Research Working Paper SeriesThe World Bank. Get this from a library.

Realizing the gains from trade: export crops, marketing costs, and poverty. [Jorge F Balat; Irene Brambilla; Guido G Porto; National Bureau of Economic Research.] -- This paper explores the role of export costs in the process of poverty reduction in rural Africa.

We claim that the marketing costs that emerge when the commercialization of export crops requires. In this book, Edward J. Lincoln tackles the thorny issue of U.S. trade relations with Japan, the subject of so much tension in the s.

While Lincoln offers. The wash sale rule, as you remember, does not allow an investor to claim a capital loss if he repurchases the investment within thirty days. In other words, unless the investor waits until the thirty day period has elapsed, he will not be able to write the loss off his taxes thanks to the wash sale rule.

A realized gain is the profit from an investment that's actually been sold, as calculated by the difference between an investment's purchase price and sale price.

An unrealized gain, by contrast. Statutory Accounting Principles are designed to assist state insurance departments in the regulation of the solvency of insurance companies.

The ultimate objective of solvency regulation is to ensure that policyholder, contract holder and other legal obligations are met when they come due and that companies maintain capital and surplus at all.

In almost all cases, the trade date controls the tax-reporting year for a stock sale. That is, if you sell stock by the last trading day of this year, you report the sale on this year’s taxes.

Get this from a library. Realizing the Gains From Trade: Export Crops, Marketing Costs, and Poverty. [Jorge Balat; Irene Brambilla; Guido Porto] -- This paper explores the role of export costs in the process of poverty reduction in rural Africa.

We claim that the marketing costs that emerge when the commercialization of export crops requires. Mark These Tax-loss Selling Dates on Your Calendar Nicole Rashotte - December 17th, Tax-loss selling comes with a raft of potential benefits, but it.

We are the Gardeners is a delightful book. We enjoyed that it was a lengthier picture book rather that a couple of words a page. The day we read this book, my 5 year old daughter had a predicament she came up against and she said, "I don't give up!" and she kept at it/5().

The federal tax code provides a few perfectly legal ways, depending on your income, goals, and even health, to defer or pay no capital gains tax on stock : Bruce Brumberg. Realizing the Gains From Trade: Export Crops, Marketing Costs, and Poverty Article in Journal of International Economics 78(1) October with 56 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

You only pay taxes on stocks when you sell the shares. You can own shares of a stock for many years and never pay taxes on the gains as long as the shares are not sold.

Long-term gains from stocks you owned for longer than one. Suppose investors frequently realize small gains and less frequently take large losses.

It is then possible that they are selling similar proportions of the values of their gains and losses, though realizing gains at a higher rate on a trade‐counted basis.

Cited by: If both decided to specialize in what they had a comparative advantage in and trade, what would be the gains from trade. A) 1 kg of cones for Ben and 1 kg of ice cream for Jerry B) 1 kg of ice cream for Ben and 1 kg of cones for Jerry C) 2 kg of ice cream for Ben and 2 kg of cones for Jerry D) 2 kg of ice cream for Ben and 1 kg of cones for.

Then, this ADR would trade on a U.S. exchange for $ If you don't look carefully, you may not realize that the underlying foreign stock is actually "worth" $ per share, not $This is followed by a review of the textiles and clothing trade patterns under the MFA and an ATC, and the analysis of the factors influencing post-ATC effects.

The paper concludes with policy recommendations for ensuring and maximizing development gains in .Most capital gains are taxed at 15% rate Unrecaptured gains on real property are taxed at 25% maximum rate Net gains on collectibles held >1 year are taxed at 28% maximum rate Net gains on assets held 1 year or less are taxed at ordinary rates.

Loss Limitations May annually deduct up to $3, of net capital losses against ordinary income.